Tumor necrosis factor-α receptor 1 (p55) knockout only transiently decreases the activation of c-Jun and does not affect the survival of axotomized dopaminergic nigral neurons

Jan Wessig, Stephan Brecht, Malte Claussen, Lutz Roemer, Mario Goetz, Paolo Bigini, Stephan Schutze, Thomas Herdegen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The activation of the c-Jun N-terminal kinases and their substrate transcription factor c-Jun is central to the death of dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNC) but the underlying signal cascades are poorly understood. We have studied the impact of the p55 tumor necrosis factor-α receptor (TNF-R) 1 on the N-terminal phosphorylation of c-Jun and the survival of the dopaminergic SNC neurons after transection of the medial forebrain bundle. The axotomy raised the immunoreactivities of tumor necrosis factor-α, p75 TNF-R2 and ED1 (ectodysplasin A) in the substantia nigra equally in wildtype and knockout (ko) mice and of TNF-R1 in wildtype mice. Importantly, TNF-R1 ko significantly reduced the early phosphorylation of c-Jun between 18 h and 3 d post-axotomy but the functional deficiency of TNF-R1 did not affect the survival of the dopaminergic neurons up to day 30. These findings demonstrate that: (i) TNF-R1 is involved in the early cell body response after axon transection; (ii) TNF-R1 operates upstream of c-Jun N-terminal kinase/c-Jun, the central signal system of nerve fiber injury, and (iii) the failure of persistent reduction of activated c-Jun is linked to the failure of protection of dopaminergic SNC neurons by TNF-R1 ko.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-272
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Neuroscience
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2005

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • c-Jun N-terminal kinases
  • Cell body response
  • Medial forebrain bundle
  • Mouse
  • Parkinson's disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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