Tumor necrosis factor gene polymorphisms and clearance or progression of hepatitis B virus infection

Grazia Anna Niro, Rosanna Fontana, Domenica Gioffreda, Maria Rosa Valvano, Angelo Lacobellis, Domenico Facciorusso, Angelo Andriulli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: We evaluated the influence of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) promoter gene polymorphisms on clearance of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and outcome of HBV chronic hepatitis. Methods: Four TNF-α promoter polymorphisms (T-1031C, C-863A, G-308A, and G-238A) were evaluated by direct sequencing in 184 chronic HBV carriers hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive and 96 controls with documented seroclearance (HBsAg negativity, positivity for anti-HBs and anti-HBc IgG). Frequencies of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and haplotypes in the control group were compared with those of the chronic carrier group and with clinically defined subgroups of the latter: asymptomatic carriers, patients with compensated hepatitis, decompensated cirrhotics, and patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Furthermore, subgroups of chronic carriers were compared among them. Results: In the chronic carrier group, the - 308G allele was more frequent in those with a family history of HBV infection (96% vs 88% of those with non-familial transmission). The G/G genotype at position - 308 was found in all chronic carriers with decompensated cirrhosis but in only 78% of controls (P = 0.01) and was more frequent in decompensated cirrhotics than in the other subgroups. The distribution of TNF-α gene polymorphisms in the carrier group was not significantly different from that in the sero-clearance control group. TNF-α SNPs at positions - 1031/ - 863 and - 863/ - 238 were in linkage disequilibrium. The TCGG haplotype (- T1031, - C863, - G308, - G238) was significantly associated with end-stage liver disease. Conclusion: The TNF-α promoter polymorphisms do not appear to be determinant of HBV seroclearance in southern Italians. The genotype - 308G/G and haplotype TCGG are associated with an unfavorable prognosis in patients with chronic HBV infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1175-1181
Number of pages7
JournalLiver International
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005


  • Chronic hepatitis
  • Cirrhosis
  • Haplotypes
  • HBV
  • HCC
  • TNF-α polymorphisms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology


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