The clinical use of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF) as an anticancer drug is limited to local or locoregional administration because of dose-limiting systemic toxicity. We investigated in animal models whether the therapeutic index of systemically administered human or murine TNF can be increased by tumor pretargeting strategies based on the biotin-avidin system. Pretargeting of s.c. mouse WEHI-164 fibrosarcoma and RMA lymphoma genetically engineered to express the Thy 1.1 antigen on the cell membrane was achieved by i.p. injection of a biotinylated anti-Thy 1.1 antibody and avidin. This pretreatment increased the antitumor activity of systemically administered biotin-TNF conjugates by at least 5-fold. In contrast, pretargeting did not increase the toxicity of biotin-TNF, as judged by animal survival and weight loss after treatment. Ex vivo analysis of tumor cells 24 h after treatment showed that biotin-TNF persisted for several hours on the surface of pretargeted tumors, but not when avidin was omitted. The potentiation of the antitumor effects was related primarily to indirect mechanisms, involving a host-mediated response. The results indicate that tumor pretargeting improves the antitumor activity of TNF. Tumor pretargeting with avidin, which is currently used to increase the uptake of radioactive-labeled biotin in patients, could represent a new strategy for improving the therapeutic index of TNF.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 15 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research