Tumor response and estrogen suppression in breast cancer patients treated with aromatase inhibitors

E. Bajetta, N. Zilembo, E. Bichisao, A. Martinetti, R. Buzzoni, P. Pozzi, P. Bidoli, L. Ferrari, L. Celio

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Abstract

Background: The rationale for the hormonal treatment of breast cancer (BC) is based on depriving tumor cells of estrogenic stimulation. Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) block the conversion of peripheral tissue androgens to estrogens with different levels of potency. In an attempt to investigate the relationship between tumor response and estrogen suppression, we reviewed the hormonal and clinical data of two previous studies with formestane (250 and 500 mg i.m. fortnightly) in advanced BC patients. Patients and methods: Two hundred four BC patients were selected on the basis of the availability of records concerning their plasma estrone (E1) and estradiol (E2) levels assessed at scheduled times. The degree of estrogen suppression and the best clinical response of each patient during the trials were considered. Results: There was a positive and significant (P <0.05) correlation between baseline and post-formestane E1 and E2 levels, with a decrease in the levels of both hormones irrespective of any antitumor response. In particular, the degree of plasma estrogen suppression was similar in the patients who experienced a complete remission and those with progressive disease (PD). Conclusions: The plasma estrogen suppression induced by aromatase inhibition is not the only mechanism accounting for its clinical activity. Many clinical trials have demonstrated that all AIs induce a similar antitumor response regardless of their potency, and further investigations are warranted in order to improve our understanding as to why the patients with PD also show a significant plasma estrogen suppression. It is possible that intratumoral aromatase activity may be a marker for selecting the BC patients most likely to respond to AI treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1017-1022
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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Keywords

  • Aromatase inhibitors
  • Plasma estrogen suppression
  • Tumour response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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