Tumor types derived from epithelial and myoepithelial cell lines of R3230AC rat mammary carcinoma

A. Sapino, M. Papotti, B. Sanfilippo, P. Gugliotta, G. Bussolati

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Epithelial and myoepithelial cells coexist in the rat R3230AC mammary tumor. To test the hypothesis that these two cell types constitute interactive but independent neoplastic populations, we obtained in vitro cell lines with epithelial or myoepithelial patterns and transplanted them in syngeneic animals. One stabilized line (EPI) and four cloned lines (A, C, D, E) with epithelial characteristics, confirmed by positive reactions for keratins in immunocytochemical and immunoblot tests, constantly gave rise in vivo to carcinomas, which, however, lacked structural and functional patterns typical of the original tumor. A fusiform shape and immunocytochemical characteristics of myoepithelial cells were observed in three clones (H, I, L), which in vivo gave rise to sarcomatous and mixed carcinosarcomatous neoplasms. These data are consistent with the above hypothesis and indicate that breast carcinomas derive from epithelial cells, while sarcomatous and carcinosarcomatous neoplasms can originate from myoepithelial cell proliferation. This study provides data suggesting myoepithelial cell involvement in the development of pathological entities occurring in the human breast and displaying mixed epithelial and stromal neoplastic components, i.e., cystosarcoma phylloides and sarcomatous metaplasia in carcinomas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1553-1560
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology


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