Turning visual shapes into sounds: Early stages of reading acquisition revealed in the ventral occipitotemporal cortex

M. Perrone-Bertolotti, J. R. Vidal, L. de Palma, C. M. Hamamé, T. Ossandon, P. Kahane, L. Minotti, O. Bertrand, J. P. Lachaux

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The exact role of the left ventral occipitotemporal cortex (VOTC) during the initial stages of reading acquisition is a hotly debated issue, especially regarding the comparative effect of learning on early stimulus-dependent vs. later task-dependent processes. We show that this controversy can be solved with high-temporal resolution intracerebral EEG recordings of the VOTC. We measured High-Frequency Activity (50-150. Hz) as a proxy of population-level spiking activity while participants learned Japanese Katakana symbols, and found that learning primarily affects top-down/task-dependent neural processing, after a few minutes only. In contrast, adaptation of early bottom-up/stimulus-dependent processing takes several days to adapt and provides the basis for fluent reading. Such evidence that two consecutive stages of neural processing, stimulus- and task-dependent are differentially affected by learning, can reconcile seemingly opposite hypotheses on the role of the VOTC during reading acquisition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)298-307
Number of pages10
JournalNeuroImage
Volume90
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Neurology

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