Turns-amplitude analysis of the electromyographic recruitment pattern disregarding force measurement. I. Method and reference values in healthy subjects

R. Liguori, K. Dahl, A. Fuglsang-Frederiksen

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We used turns-amplitude analysis to characterize the EMG recruitment pattern disregarding force measurement. The electrical muscle pattern of the brachial biceps (BB), abductor pollicis brevis (APB), medial vastus (MV), and anterior tibial (AT) muscles was analyzed during progressive increase in force from rest to maximum using the mean amplitude as an indicator of the force of the muscle. The following parameters were obtained on-line: the maximal ratio of turns to mean amplitude (peak-ratio, PR), the mean amplitude, and the number of time intervals (TI) between turns at PR and at near maximum force (NMF). The highest PR values were obtained in BB, the lowest in MV. Analysis of the distribution of the TI between turns at different degrees of voluntary contraction showed fewer spikes with short duration and small amplitude at high force compared with low force.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1314-1318
Number of pages5
JournalMuscle and Nerve
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1992



  • mean amplitude
  • peak-ratio
  • quantitative EMG
  • time intervals between turns
  • turns-amplitude analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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