STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine whether autonomic dysfunction in idiopathic REM sleep behaviour disorder (iRBD) affects circadian blood pressure (BP) profile.
METHODS: 21 iRBD (mean age 68.8±6.4, mean age at onset 62.2±9.3), 21 drug-free de novo Parkinson's disease (PD) subjects and 21 control subjects (HCs), comparable for age and sex, underwent 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring. A prospective follow-up study was performed to evaluate the occurrence of neurodegenerative disorders in the iRBD cohort.
RESULTS: In the iRBD group, night-time systolic BP (SBP) was higher (124.0±20.0, p=.026), nocturnal BP decrease lower (4.0±8.7% for SBP and 8.7±8.0% for DBP, p=.001), and non-dipping status more frequent (71.4% for systolic and 52.4% for diastolic BP; p=.001 and p=.01 respectively) than in the HCs. Reverse dipping of SBP was found in 23.8% (p=.048) of the iRBD subjects. Non-dipping status was not associated with differences in gender, age, disease duration, age at disease onset, UPDRS score, presence of antihypertensive therapy or polysomnographic measures. Patients with PD showed daytime and night-time BP profiles comparable to those observed in iRBD. A sub-group analysis considering only the subjects without antihypertensive therapy (12 iRBD, 12 PD) showed results superimposable on those of the whole iRBD and PD groups.Longitudinal follow up (mean 5.1±1.9 years) showed no differences in BP profile at baseline between converters (n=6) and non-converters.
CONCLUSIONS: 24-hour BP control was impaired in iRBD. This impairment, similar to patterns observed in de novo PD, consisted of reduced amplitude of nocturnal dipping and increased frequency of non-dipping status. These findings could have implications for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in iRBD.