Two cases of elevated tryptase in abdominal aortic aneurysm

Elide Anna Pastorello, J. W. Schroeder, S. M. Veronese, V. Pravettoni, A. De Gasperi, S. Cantoni, L. Losappio, L. Farioli, R. Qualizza, B. Scarpati, A. Mascheri, J. Scibilia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: From the literature, patients with a history of anaphylaxis to hymenoptera venom and positive specific IgE have shown a correlation between elevated tryptase levels and two clinical situations: systemic mastocytosis and an increased risk of reactions to venom immunotherapy or hymenoptera sting. Other clinical scenarios could explain elevated tryptase levels. Material and Methods: A 67 year old male (P1) and a 77 year old male (P2) were evaluated for previous severe anaphylaxis to hymenoptera sting. They underwent standard diagnostic work-up for hymenoptera venom allergy. Having found elevated tryptase levels, these were followed by a bone marrow biopsy to rule out systemic mastocytosis. Results: P1: specific IgE and skin tests were positive for Vespula species; tryptase 52.8 ng/ml; P2: specific IgE and skin tests were positive for Vespa cabro and tryptase 153 ng/ml. Bone marrow biopsy results were negative for mastocytosis. We carried out magnetic resonance imaging, in P1 to better characterize the severe osteoporosis and in P2 because during physical examination a pulsating mass had been identified in the mesogastrium, and an aneurysm of the abdominal aorta which required surgical intervention in both patients was detected. Eight months after surgery, tryptase levels had diminished significantly (P1: 11.6 ng/ml and P2: 14.5 ng/ml). Discussion: The elevated tryptase levels were correlated to abdominal aneurysm in both patients. In fact, post-surgery tryptase levels dramatically decreased. These two cases demonstrate that high tryptase levels in subjects with a history of hymenoptera venom anaphylaxis can be associated to undiagnosed aneurysmatic disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-61
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume47
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • Hymenoptera venom anaphylaxis
  • Tryptase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Medicine(all)

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