Two main focal seizure patterns revealed by intracerebral electroencephalographic biomarker analysis

Vadym Gnatkovsky, Veronica Pelliccia, Marco de Curtis, Laura Tassi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Long-term recording with intracerebral electrodes is commonly utilized to identify brain areas responsible for seizure generation (epileptogenic zone) and to tailor therapeutic surgical resections in patients with focal drug-resistant epilepsy. This invasive diagnostic procedure generates a wealth of data that contribute to understanding human epilepsy. We analyze intracerebral signals to identify and classify focal ictal patterns. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed stereo-electroencephalographic (EEG) data in a cohort of patients either cryptogenic (magnetic resonance imaging negative) or presenting with noncongruent anatomoelectroclinical data. A computer-assisted method based on EEG signal analysis in frequency and space domains was applied to 467 seizures recorded in 105 patients submitted to stereo-EEG presurgical monitoring. Results: Two main focal seizure patterns were identified. P-type seizures, typical of neocortex, were observed in 73 patients (69.5%), lasted 22 ± 13 seconds (mean +SD), and were characterized by a sharp-onset/sharp-offset transient superimposed on low-voltage fast activity (126 ± 19 Hz). L-type seizures were observed in 43 patients (40.9%) and consistently involved mesial temporal structures; they lasted longer (93 ± 48 second), started with 116 ± 21 Hz low-voltage fast activity superimposed on a slow potential shift, and terminated with large-amplitude, periodic bursting activity. In 23 patients (21.9%), the L-type seizure was preceded by a P seizure. Spasmlike and unclassifiable EEG seizures were observed in 11.4% of cases. Significance: The proposed computer-assisted approach revealed signal information concealed to visual inspection that contributes to identifying two principal seizure patterns typical of the neocortex and of mesial temporal networks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-106
Number of pages11
JournalEpilepsia
Volume60
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • epilepsy surgery
  • epileptogenic zone
  • seizure pattern
  • stereo-EEG

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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