Two modes of transcriptional activation at native promoters by NF-kappaB p65.

Dominic van Essen, Bettina Engist, Gioacchino Natoli, Simona Saccani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The NF-kappaB family of transcription factors is crucial for the expression of multiple genes involved in cell survival, proliferation, differentiation, and inflammation. The molecular basis by which NF-kappaB activates endogenous promoters is largely unknown, but it seems likely that it should include the means to tailor transcriptional output to match the wide functional range of its target genes. To dissect NF-kappaB-driven transcription at native promoters, we disrupted the interaction between NF-kappaB p65 and the Mediator complex. We found that expression of many endogenous NF-kappaB target genes depends on direct contact between p65 and Mediator, and that this occurs through the Trap-80 subunit and the TA1 and TA2 regions of p65. Unexpectedly, however, a subset of p65-dependent genes are transcribed normally even when the interaction of p65 with Mediator is abolished. Moreover, a mutant form of p65 lacking all transcription activation domains previously identified in vitro can still activate such promoters in vivo. We found that without p65, native NF-kappaB target promoters cannot be bound by secondary transcription factors. Artificial recruitment of a secondary transcription factor was able to restore transcription of an otherwise NF-kappaB-dependent target gene in the absence of p65, showing that the control of promoter occupancy constitutes a second, independent mode of transcriptional activation by p65. This mode enables a subset of promoters to utilize a wide choice of transcription factors, with the potential to regulate their expression accordingly, whilst remaining dependent for their activation on NF-kappaB.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere73
JournalPLoS Biology
Volume7
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 31 2009

Fingerprint

transcription factor NF-kappa B
NF-kappa B
transcriptional activation
Transcriptional Activation
Chemical activation
promoter regions
Genes
Transcription Factors
Transcription
transcription factors
genes
transcription (genetics)
Mediator Complex
Cell proliferation
direct contact
cell viability
Cell Survival
traps
inflammation
Cell Proliferation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Two modes of transcriptional activation at native promoters by NF-kappaB p65. / van Essen, Dominic; Engist, Bettina; Natoli, Gioacchino; Saccani, Simona.

In: PLoS Biology, Vol. 7, No. 3, e73, 31.03.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

van Essen, D, Engist, B, Natoli, G & Saccani, S 2009, 'Two modes of transcriptional activation at native promoters by NF-kappaB p65.', PLoS Biology, vol. 7, no. 3, e73.
van Essen, Dominic ; Engist, Bettina ; Natoli, Gioacchino ; Saccani, Simona. / Two modes of transcriptional activation at native promoters by NF-kappaB p65. In: PLoS Biology. 2009 ; Vol. 7, No. 3.
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