In this study we investigated the immunochemical and cytochemical reactivity of two monoclonal antibodies against the 16-amino acid tandem repeat of MUC4 to demonstrate a possible variation of the mucin core peptide expression related to lung cancer. The immunocytochemical anti-MUC4 reactivity was analyzed in four lung cancer cell lines (Calu-1, Calu-3, H460, SKMES) and in other tumor cell lines, as well as in frozen materials from 21 lung adenocarcinomas (ACs), including five bronchioalveolar carcinoma (BACs), and 11 squamous cell lung carcinomas (SqCCs). A weak fluorescence anti-MUC4 positivity (range: 10.3-16.2) was observed only in acetone-fixed lung cancer cell lines Calu-1, Calu-3 and H460. These three lung cancer cell lines also showed a cytoplasmic immunoperoxidase reactivity. The immunostaining in lung cancer tissues showed a granular cytoplasmic reactivity: 15/21 (71%) and 17/21 (80%) ACs were positive with BC-LuC18.2 and BC-LuCF12, respectively. All BACs were positive. Moderate to strong reactivity was present in well-differentiated ACs. In the normal lung parenchyma counterparts weak reactivity was found only in bronchiolar cells. All SqCCs were negative. Anti-MUC4 reactivity was also observed in the alveolar mucus. In conclusion, our anti-MUC4 MAbs detect a secretion product present in mucus and this product is elaborated by lung cancer cells and overexpressed in well-differentiated lung ACs.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||International Journal of Biological Markers|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
- Core peptides
- Lung cancer
- Monoclonal antibodies
ASJC Scopus subject areas