Two pedigrees of autosomal dominant atrioventricular canal defect (AVCD): Exclusion from the critical region on 8p

F. Amati, A. Mari, R. Mingarelli, M. Gennarelli, M. C. Digilio, A. Giannotti, B. Marino, G. Novelli, B. Dallapiccola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Atrioventricular canal defects (AVCD) constitute the predominant congenital heart defect in Down syndrome. For this reason, a candidate gene involved in atrioventricular canal development was previously searched and excluded in dominant pedigrees of AVCD, using linkage analysis of polymorphisms from chromosome 21. Because of the striking association between 8p deletion and AVCD, a search for an AVCD gene was carried out in two pedigrees of individuals with autosomal dominant AVCD using a set of DNA markers of the 8pter→q12 region. These two families include affected individuals and subjects who have transmitted the defect but are not clinically affected. Two-point lod scores were significantly negative for all markers at penetrance levels of 90% and 50%. Multipoint analysis excluded the region covered by the markers LPL-D8S262 and 30 cM to either side of this area. This result corroborates heterogeneity of this heart defect and indicates that the genetic basis of familial AVCD is different from AVCD associated to either trisomy 21 or 8p deletion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-488
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics
Volume57
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • atrioventricular canal defect
  • AVCD
  • chromosome 8
  • linkage analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)

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