Type-2 cannabinoid receptors in neurodegeneration

Tiziana Bisogno, Sergio Oddi, Alessandra Piccoli, Domenico Fazio, Mauro Maccarrone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Based on its wide expression in immune cells, type-2 cannabinoid (CB2) receptors were traditionally thought to act as “peripheral receptors” with an almost exclusively immunomodulatory function. However, their recent identification in mammalian brain areas, as well as in distinct neuronal cells, has opened the way to a re-consideration of CB2 signaling in the context of brain pathophysiology, synaptic plasticity and neuroprotection. To date, accumulated evidence from several independent preclinical studies has offered new perspectives on the possible involvement of CB2 signaling in brain and spinal cord traumatic injury, as well as in the most relevant neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and Huntington's chorea. Here, we will review available information on CB2 in these disease conditions, along with data that support also its therapeutic potential to treat them.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)721-730
Number of pages10
JournalPharmacological Research
Volume111
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2016

Keywords

  • Endocannabinoid system
  • Neurodegeneration
  • Type-2 cannabinoid receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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