Typical values related to the complexity of interventional treatment of acute ischemic stroke

Monica Cavallari, Loredana D'Ercole, Catherine Klersy, Giuseppina Sanfilippo, Alessandro Sgreccia, Bella Huasen, Federico Thyrion Zappoli, Elvis Lafe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and Purpose: Interventional Neuroradiology (INR) procedures are often complex, requiring prolonged high-dose exposures. This leads to increased radiation exposure to both patient and operating staff. The purpose of this study is to identify parameters related to the complexity of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) procedures that increase patient exposure and derive DRLs according to ICRP 135. Methods: Data from 145 patients treated for AIS between 2017 and 2019 in a Hub Stroke center were retrospectively analyzed. Dosimetric parameters, demographic and clinical data were collected for each patient. The INR operator and the fluoroscopy system used were included. Results: A multivariable analysis was performed to identify which parameters significantly influence the dosimetric data. Thrombus location and the use of stent retriever were noted as the most likely parameters of complex INR procedures. Male sex is an indicator of complex procedure only with regards to the Kerma area product and the air kerma. Patient age significantly affects the exposure time alone. Senior or more experienced operator's data demonstrated reduced patient's exposure time and therefore the KAP and Kar values. The type of X-ray equipment influenced the outcome of the procedure in terms of number of images acquired. Typical values obtained are 168 Gycm2, 0.68 Gy, 19 min and 181 images. Conclusion: Typical values derived in this study promote patient dose optimization, when considering the complexity of INR procedures. The clinical variables related to the complexity of procedure that mainly affect the dosimetric data in our experience are thrombus location and use of stent retrievers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-136
Number of pages8
JournalPhysica Medica
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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