Here ditary cerebral hemorrhage with amyloidosis Dutch type (HCHWA-D) is characterized clinically by recurrent strokes and pathologically by deposition of amyloid β (Aβ) in cerebral vessel walls and, to a lesser extent, in the neuropil. Distinct from Alzheimer's disease, amyloid formation in HCHWA-D is not associated with neurofibrillary changes. Since a central issue in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease and related conditions is the role of Aβ in the neurodegencrative process, we investigated HCHWA-D brains for the presence of neuritic abnormalities using antibodies to ubiquitin and to phosphorylated neurofilaments. The study showed that amyloid deposits in the vessel walls and in the neuropil were surrounded by abnormal ubiquitinated neurites, suggesting that Aβ deposition induces neuritic changes.
- Alzheimer's disease
- Amyloid β
- Hereditary cerebral hemorrhage with amyloidosis Dutch type
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Clinical Neurology