Panniculitis, or inflammation of the fatty tissue, is an ongoing diagnostic challenge to both dermatologists and pathologists. The basis of the current panniculitis classification is histology, whether the inflammation is mainly located in the fibrovascular septa or in the adipose lobules thereafter with or without vasculitis. However, overall, the difficulty rises due to various terminologies and lack of clinical relevance with this classification. In addition to that, the majority of panniculitides have mixed infiltration of both lobular and septal and not a clear-cut distinction. The aim of this article is to provide a novel clinical algorithm to the diagnosis of panniculitis and thus to provide guidelines for all clinicians who may encounter this challenging condition in their clinical practice.
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