Ultrasonic and electromagnetic enhancement of a culture of human SAOS-2 osteoblasts seeded onto a titanium plasma-spray surface

Lorenzo Fassina, Enrica Saino, Maria Sonia Sbarra, Livia Visai, Maria Gabriella Cusella De Angelis, Giuliano Mazzini, Francesco Benazzo, Giovanni Magenes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Several studies suggest that the surface coating of titanium could play an important role in bone tissue engineering. In the present study, we have followed a particular biomimetic strategy where ultrasonically or electromagnetically stimulated SAOS-2 human osteoblasts proliferated and built their extracellular matrix on a titanium plasma-spray surface. In comparison with control conditions, the ultrasonic stimulation (average power, 149 mW; frequency, 1.5 MHz) and the electromagnetic stimulation (magnetic field intensity, 2 mT; frequency, 75 Hz) caused higher cell proliferation, and increased surface coating with decorin, osteocalcin, osteopontin, and type I collagen together with higher incorporation of calcium and phosphorus inside the extracellular matrix. The immunofluorescence related to the preceding bone matrix proteins showed their colocalization in the cell-rich areas. The use of the two physical stimulations aimed at obtaining the coating of the rough titanium plasma-spray surface in terms of cell colonization and deposition of extracellular matrix. The superficially cultured biomaterial could be theoretically used, in clinical applications, as an implant for bone repair.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-242
Number of pages10
JournalTissue Engineering - Part C: Methods
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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