Aims: To evaluate the prevalence of clinical and ultrasonographic musculoskeletal involvement in Italian patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Methods: In this cross-sectional multicenter study, 148 consecutive patients with IBD were evaluated by a gastroenterologist and a rheumatologist. All patients underwent a B-mode and power Doppler ultrasonographic examination of 6 pairs of entheses and of knee and ankle joints. Results: A positive history for at least one musculoskeletal manifestation was reported by 40.5% of patients, more frequently in ulcerative colitis (UC) (p = 0.033). Inflammatory back pain was reported by 13.5% of patients, and a past history of peripheral arthritis by 14.9%, entheseal inflammation by 14.2% and dactylitis by 2.7%. At clinical examination, arthritis was observed in 19.6% of patients and enthesitis in 33%. Oligoarthritis and enthesitis at clinical examination were more frequently observed in UC than in Crohn disease (CD). 37.8% of total IBD patients fulfilled ASAS classification criteria for axial and/or peripheral spondyloarthritis, 8.1% ASAS classification criteria for axial spondyloarthritis, and 29.7% ASAS classification criteria for peripheral spondyloarthritis. With ultrasonographic examination, signs of entheseal involvement were observed in 87.8% of patients, while at power Doppler, ≥1 abnormality was observed in 27.1%. ASAS+ patients compared to those ASAS- had a significantly higher frequency at ultrasonography of acute entheseal abnormalities, power Doppler entheseal positivity and joint involvement. These abnormalities at ultrasonography were also observed in 34%, 13% and 12% of ASAS- patients. Conclusions: Musculoskeletal manifestations occur frequently in patients with IBD. Ultrasonographic entheseal and joint involvement were also observed in asymptomatic patients.
- Clinical examination
- Inflammatory bowel disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine