Valutazione ecografica delle lesioni vascolari carotidee nei pazienti HIV positivi

Translated title of the contribution: Ultrasonography in lesions of the carotid vessels in HIV positive patients

M. Cristofaro, S. Cicalini, E. Busi Rizzi, V. Schininà, N. Petrosillo, C. Bibbolino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: This study evaluated with ultrasonography (US) the presence of epiaortic vessel lesions in HIV-positive individuals receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and compared them with naïve patients and healthy individuals to highlight the differences among the different vascular damage patterns. Materials and methods: A total of 222 HIV-infected patients receiving HAART, 64 HIV-infected patients naïve to antiretroviral therapy and 135 HIV-negative control patients underwent US of the carotid vessels. The morphological examination included grey-scale and colour and power Doppler imaging to better characterise lesions and intima media thickness. An automated computerised software package (Q LAB) was used to determine intima media thickness values. Independent risk factors for the development of carotid lesions and, in particular, cholesterolaemia and triglyceridaemia were considered. Atherosclerotic plaques and inflammatory-type lesions were reported. Statistical analysis included the chi-square test, the Fisher exact test for qualitative variables and the Kruskal-Wallis test to compare continuous variables. Results: We observed a higher prevalence of carotid lesions in HIV-positive patients receiving HAART compared with HIV-positive naïve patients (p

Translated title of the contributionUltrasonography in lesions of the carotid vessels in HIV positive patients
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)61-70
Number of pages10
JournalRadiologia Medica
Volume116
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Medicine(all)

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