Ultrasound evaluation of PCO, PCOS and OHSS

Cesare Battaglia, Fulvia Mancini, Nicola Persico, Valeria Zaccaria, Domenico de Aloysio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and the concomitant androgen excess may be particularly distressing and disruptive for women. Thus, PCOS requires a prompt diagnosis and adequate treatment. However, the criteria used for diagnosis and definition of PCOS are as heterogeneous as the pathology itself. The advent of ultrasonographic examination of the ovaries has provided the biggest single contribution to the diagnosis of PCOS, having a high concordance rate with laparoscopy and histological examination. In fact, the assessment of ovarian morphology by transvaginal ultrasound and Doppler flow analysis of both intra-ovarian and uterine arteries seems to provide an insight into the pathological state and the degree of progression of the disease, and may be useful in the prevention and management of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome during ovarian stimulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)614-619
Number of pages6
JournalReproductive BioMedicine Online
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2004


  • Endocrinopathies
  • Hirsutism
  • OHSS
  • PCO
  • PCOS
  • Ultrasonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology


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