PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to verify whether ultrasound (US)-guided preoperative localization of breast lesions is an adequate technique for correct and safe surgical resection and to contribute positively and effectively to this topic in the literature with our results.
METHODS: From June 2016 to November 2016, 155 patients with both benign and malignant breast lesions were selected from our institute to undergo US localization before surgery. The lesions included were: sonographically visible and nonpalpable lesions; palpable lesions for which a surgeon had requested US localization to better evaluate the site and extension; sonographically visible, multifocal breast lesions, both palpable and nonpalpable. US localization was performed using standard linear transducers (Siemens 18 L6, 5.5-8 MHz, 5.6 cm, ACUSON S2000 System, Siemens Medical Solutions). The radiologist used a skin pen to mark the site of the lesion, and the reported lesion's depth and distance from the nipple and pectoral muscle were recorded. The lesions were completely excised by a team of breast surgeons, and the surgical specimens were sent to the Radiology Department for radiological evaluation and to the Pathology Department for histological assessment.
RESULTS: In 155 patients who underwent to preoperative US localization, 188 lesions were found, and the location of each lesion was marked with a skin pen. A total of 181 lesions were confirmed by the final histopathologic exam (96.28%); 132 of them (72.92%) were malignant, and 124 of these (93.93%) showed free margins.
CONCLUSIONS: US-guided preoperative localization of sonographically visible breast lesions is a simple and nontraumatic procedure with high specificity and is a useful tool for obtaining accurate surgical margins.