Ultrastructural and biological characterization of human choroid cell cultures transformed by Simian Virus 40

Giuseppe Carruba, Bruno Dallapiccola, Viviana Brinchi, Carlo De Giuli Morghen

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A human diploid cell line of choroid origin was isolated from the retrouveal portion of an enucleated eye and designated HC. After 10 passages, when the proliferative capacity of HC cells decreased, they were infected and transformed by Simian Virus 40 (SV40). A proliferating long-term cultured cell line designated HC/SV40 was established and it has been maintained as monolayer for more than 100 passages so far. The two cell lines, HC and HC/SV40, were compared for growth characteristics, capacity to form colonies in soft agar, presence of nuclear T-antigen, and ultrastructure. Cytogenetic analysis was also performed to determine the presence of chromosomal aberrations due to the permanent viral transformation of the cell line. The results indicate that HC/SV40 should be considered the transformed counterparts of HC cells because they are morphologically similar to the latter but can grow in soft agar, possess T-antigen, and show a pattern of karyotypic changes similar to that induced by SV40 in human fibroblasts. The choroid origin of HC and HC/SV40 cell lines was confirmed by the presence, in their cytoplasm, of typical electron dense granules. Their neural origin will make these cell lines very useful for neuropharmacological and differentiation studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-452
Number of pages10
JournalIn Vitro
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1983


  • cytogenetic
  • human choroid cells
  • SV40
  • transformation
  • ultrastructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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