Unbalanced der(5)t(5;20) translocation associated with megalencephaly, perisylvian polymicrogyria, polydactyly and hydrocephalus

Annemieke J M H Verkerk, Rachel Schot, Laura Van Waterschoot, Hannie Douben, Pino J. Poddighe, Maarten H. Lequin, Linda S. De Vries, Paulien Terhal, Johanne M D Hahnemann, Irenaeus F M De Coo, Marie Claire Y De Wit, Leontien S. Wafelman, Livia Garavelli, William B. Dobyns, Peter J. Van Der Spek, Annelies De Klein, Grazia M S Mancini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The combination of megalencephaly, perisylvian polymicrogyria, polydactyly and hydrocephalus (MPPH) is a rare syndrome of unknown cause. We observed two first cousins affected by an MPPH-like phenotype with a submicroscopic chromosome 5q35 deletion as a result of an unbalanced der(5)t(5;20)(q35.2;q13.3) translocation, including the NSD1 Sotos syndrome locus. We describe the phenotype and the deletion breakpoints of the two MPPH-like patients and compare these with five unrelated MPPH and Sotos patients harboring a 5q35 microdeletion. Mapping of the breakpoints in the two cousins was performed by MLPA, FISH, high density SNP-arrays and Q-PCR for the 5q35 deletion and 20q13 duplication. The 5q35 deletion area of the two cousins almost completely overlaps with earlier described patients with an atypical Sotos microdeletion, except for the DRD1 gene. The five unrelated MPPH patients neither showed submicroscopic chromosomal aberrations nor DRD1 mutations. We reviewed the brain MRI of 10 Sotos patients and did not detect polymicrogyria in any of them. In our two cousins, the MPPH-like phenotype is probably caused by the contribution of genes on both chromosome 5q35 and 20q13. Some patients with MPPH may harbor a submicroscopic chromosomal aberration and therefore high-resolution array analysis should be part of the diagnostic workup.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1488-1497
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Volume152
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

Keywords

  • 20q13.3
  • 5q35.2
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Megalencephaly
  • Microdeletion
  • Polydactyly
  • Polymicrogyria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genetics

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