Understanding immune effects of oestrogens to explain the reduced morbidity and mortality in female versus male COVID-19 patients. Comparisons with autoimmunity and vaccination

Maurizio Cutolo, Vanessa Smith, Sabrina Paolino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-386
Number of pages4
JournalClin. Exp. Rheumatol.
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 27 2020


  • Autoimmunity
  • Betacoronavirus
  • COVID-19
  • COVID-19 Vaccines
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Coronavirus Infections/immunology
  • Estrogens/immunology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pandemics
  • Pneumonia, Viral/immunology
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Sex Factors
  • Vaccination
  • Viral Vaccines

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