Unfavorable Cancer-specific Survival After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy and Radical Cystectomy in Patients With Bladder Cancer and Squamous Cell Variant: A Multi-institutional Study.

Marco Bandini, Filippo Pederzoli, Russell Madison, Alberto Briganti, Jeffrey S. Ross, Günter Niegisch, Evan Y. Yu, Aristotelis Bamias, Neeraj Agarwal, Srikala S. Sridhar, Jonathan E. Rosenberg, Joaquim Bellmunt, Sumanta Kumar Pal, Matthew D. Galsky, Roberta Lucianò, Andrea Gallina, Andrea Salonia, Francesco Montorsi, Siraj M. Ali, Jon H. ChungAndrea Necchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Nonurothelial carcinoma (UC) malignancies have traditionally been considered to have a more aggressive clinical course, and little is known about their response to neoadjuvant therapy. We examined the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) on a large population of patients with bladder cancer (BCa) with different histologic variants (HVs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We relied on a retrospective, multicenter database of 2858 patients with BCa who had undergone radical cystectomy with or without NAC from 1990 to 2017. Pure and mixed HVs were grouped into 6 categories: squamous cell carcinoma (SCC; n = 283; 45, other subtypes (n = 95; 15, micropapillary (n = 85; 14, adenocarcinoma (n = 65; 10, small cell (n = 54; 8.6, and sarcomatous (n = 47; 7.6. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were used to examine cancer-specific survival (CSS) according to the HV, using pure UC as the reference. Logistic regression models were used to examine the odds of clinical-to-pathologic downstaging after NAC according to the HV. RESULTS: Overall, we identified 2229 cases of pure UC and 629 cases of BCa with HVs at radical cystectomy. Of the 450 NAC-treated patients, only those patients with SCC (n = 44; 9.8 had had worse CSS (median CSS, 33 vs. 116 months; P textless .001) and higher mortality rates (hazard ratio, 2.1; P = .03) compared with those with pure UC (n = 328; 72.9. The results of the analyses were also confirmed when the pure and mixed cases were considered separately. After adjusting for NAC, only SCC showed a lower rate of clinical-to-pathologic downstaging (odds ratio, 0.4; P = .03) compared with UC. CONCLUSIONS: SCC was the HV exhibiting the lowest effect of NAC in terms of activity and CSS. Compared with pure UC, SCC seemed to be insensitive to traditional NAC regimens.
Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Genitourinary Cancer
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2020

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