Unique features of HIV-1 Rev protein phosphorylation by protein kinase CK2 ('casein kinase-2')

Oriano Marin, Stefania Sarno, Marco Boschetti, Mario A. Pagano, Flavio Meggio, Vincenzo Ciminale, Donna M. D'Agostino, Lorenzo A. Pinna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The HIV-1 Rev transactivator is phosphorylated in vitro by protein kinase CK2 at two residues, Ser-5 and Ser-8; these sites are also phosphorylated in vivo. Here we show that the mechanism by which CK2 phosphorylates Rev is unique in several respects, notably: (i) it is fully dependent on the regulatory, β-subunit of CK2; (ii) it relies on the integrity of an acidic stretch of CK2β which down-regulates the phosphorylation of other substrates; (iii) it is inhibited in a dose-dependent manner by polyamines and other polycationic effectors that normally stimulate CK2 activity. In contrast, a peptide corresponding to the amino-terminal 26 amino acids of Rev, including the phosphoacceptor site, is readily phosphorylated by the catalytic subunit of CK2 even in the absence of the β-subunit. These data, in conjunction with the observation that two functionally inactive derivatives of Rev with mutations in its helix-loop-helix motif are refractory to phosphorylation, indicate the phosphorylation of Rev by CK2 relies on conformational features of distinct regions that are also required for the transactivator's biological activity. Copyright (C) 2000 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-67
Number of pages5
JournalFEBS Letters
Volume481
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 8 2000

Keywords

  • Casein kinase-2
  • Human immunodeficiency virus type-1
  • Protein kinase
  • Protein phosphorylation
  • Rev

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

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