University spin-offs and their environment

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Using nine university-level variables (including publications, patents, and spin-offs) and ten regional indicators, I show that the regional economy clearly differentiates Italian universities according to four distinct types, corresponding to four productivity levels. The typology stemming from multiple correspondence analysis suggests that a fertile context is important to successful universities; however, where the environment is extremely rich, individuals seem to strongly self-select at the beginning of their careers, thus dividing entrepreneurs from professors; hence university activities in these regions are lower. A categorical regression specifically exploring success in university spin-off creation tends to reject that publications and spin-offs are substitutes, and confirms several US findings, albeit in a significantly different environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)859-876
Number of pages18
JournalTechnology Analysis and Strategic Management
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010


  • Entrepreneurial university
  • Regional economy
  • Typology
  • University spin-offs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Strategy and Management


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