Unraveling the IGF System Interactome in Sarcomas Exploits Novel Therapeutic Options

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Aberrant bioactivity of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system results in the development and progression of several pathologic conditions including cancer. Preclinical studies have shown promising anti-cancer therapeutic potentials for anti-IGF targeted therapies. However, a clear but limited clinical benefit was observed only in a minority of patients with sarcomas. The molecular complexity of the IGF system, which comprises multiple regulators and interactions with other cancer-related pathways, poses a major limitation in the use of anti-IGF agents and supports the need of combinatorial therapeutic strategies to better tackle this axis. In this review, we will initially highlight multiple mechanisms underlying IGF dysregulation in cancer and then focus on the impact of the IGF system and its complexity in sarcoma development and progression as well as response to anti-IGF therapies. We will also discuss the role of Ephrin receptors, Hippo pathway, BET proteins and CXCR4 signaling, as mediators of sarcoma malignancy and relevant interactors with the IGF system in tumor cells. A deeper understanding of these molecular interactions might provide the rationale for novel and more effective therapeutic combinations to treat sarcomas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-33
Number of pages33
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 13 2021


  • BET proteins
  • CXCR4 signaling
  • Ephrin receptors
  • Hippo pathway
  • IGF inhibitors
  • IGF system
  • combined treatments
  • sarcomas


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