Unravelling the Effect of Citrate on the Features and Biocompatibility of Magnesium Phosphate-Based Bone Cements

Rita Gelli, Gemma Di Pompo, Gabriela Graziani, Sofia Avnet, Nicola Baldini, Piero Baglioni, Francesca Ridi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In the framework of new materials for orthopedic applications, Magnesium Phosphate-based Cements (MPCs) are currently the focus of active research in biomedicine, given their promising features; in this field, the loading of MPCs with active molecules to be released in the proximity of newly forming bone could represent an innovative approach to enhance the in vivo performances of the biomaterial. In this work, we describe the preparation and characterization of MPCs containing citrate, an ion naturally present in bone which presents beneficial effects when released in the proximity of newly forming bone tissue. The cements were characterized in terms of handling properties, setting time, mechanical properties, crystallinity, and microstructure, so as to unravel the effect of citrate concentration on the features of the material. Upon incubation in aqueous media, we demonstrated that citrate could be successfully released from the cements, while contributing to the alkalinization of the surroundings. The cytotoxicity of the materials toward human fibroblasts was also tested, revealing the importance of a fine modulation of released citrate to guarantee the biocompatibility of the material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5538-5548
Number of pages11
JournalACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Volume6
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 12 2020

Keywords

  • bioactive materials
  • bone cements
  • bone regeneration
  • citrate
  • magnesium phosphates

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