Unrelated donor marrow transplantation for chronic myelogenous leukaemia

G. Dini, T. Lamparelli, R. Rondelli, R. Lanino, M. Barbanti, C. Costa, L. Manfredini, S. Guidi, G. Rosti, E. P. Alessandrino, F. Locatelli, P. Marenco, D. Soligo, P. Di Bartolomeo, F. Aversa, G. La Nasa, A. Busca, I. Majolino, A. De Laurenzi, A. Bacigalupo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Between January 1989 and July 1995 the search for an unrelated donor (UD) was started for 379 consecutive Italian patients with Philadelphia positive (Ph+) chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML). 89 (23%) were transplanted. The overall probability of transplant before and after December 1991 was 16% and 49% respectively (P= 0.0001), and average interval between search activation and graft was 23 months and 13 months, respectively (P=O.0001). Disease-free survival (DFS) following 60 consecutive transplants performed before February 1996 was 41.5% at 48 months and was 64% for patients grafted after January 1993. In univariate analysis, five variables had a favourable effect on DFS: year of bone marrow transplantation (BMT) after 1993 (P=0.0002), HLA-DRB1 donor/recipient (D/R) match (P= 0.0006), total body irradiation (TBI) containing regimen (P=0.0006), graft-versus- host disease (GvHD) prophylaxis including 'early' cyclosporin before the transplant, and a marrow cell dose > 3 x 108/kg of recipient body weight (P=0.04). Multivariate analysis confirmed that HLA identity (P=0.006), TBI- containing regimen (P= 0.0001) and 'early cyclosporin' (P=0.04) were associated with higher DFS. Transplant-related mortality (TRM) was 67% in patients grafted before January 1993 and 30% in patients grafted subsequently (P = 0.002). Multivariate analysis confirmed DRB1 identity (P=0.03) and TBI- containing regimen (P = 0.0005) to be independent factors predictive of low TRM. This suggests that the outcome of patients transplanted from an HLA DRB1 matched donor, after a TBI-containing preparative regimen, is similar to results recently reported in patients transplanted from geno-identical siblings. These results indicate that the search should be initiated at diagnosis for patients <45 years of age and UD BMT should be considered early in the disease course for those with an available DRB1-matched unrelated donor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)544-552
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
Volume102
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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Keywords

  • Bone marrow transplantation
  • CML
  • Marrow donor registries
  • Unrelated BMT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

Cite this

Dini, G., Lamparelli, T., Rondelli, R., Lanino, R., Barbanti, M., Costa, C., Manfredini, L., Guidi, S., Rosti, G., Alessandrino, E. P., Locatelli, F., Marenco, P., Soligo, D., Di Bartolomeo, P., Aversa, F., La Nasa, G., Busca, A., Majolino, I., De Laurenzi, A., & Bacigalupo, A. (1998). Unrelated donor marrow transplantation for chronic myelogenous leukaemia. British Journal of Haematology, 102(2), 544-552. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2141.1998.00790.x