Upcoming challenges for training in cardiology

Valentina Valenti, Francesco Paneni, Laura Marino, Jasmine Passerini, Lorenzo Castello, Sebastiano Sciarretta, Giuliano Tocci, Massimo Volpe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is increasing in industrialised societies and is dramatically progressing in developing countries. The overall burden of CVD results in reduced availability of suitable healthcare facilities. Among the multiple emergencies generated by CVD, there is certainly the threat of a significant shortage of cardiologists. Furthermore, the field of cardiology is adapting to such changes by attempting to provide more specialists and more 'hyper-specialised' physicians to face the growing complexity of the clinical management of CVD. Two separate educational plans for specialty schools of cardiology are proposed. The first plan is for trainees who wish to undertake general clinical cardiology, which includes specific educational pathways for clinical, intensivist and preventive cardiology. The second plan is devoted to those willing to specialise in a specific area of the field, including diagnostic and interventional cardiology, or areas that require specific skills. It is fundamental to focus on new training programmes for people willing to get involved in cardiology, paying constant attention to the evolving needs of society in terms of high-quality and cost-effective cardiovascular care. In the future, the challenge for cardiologists will be to assign more patients to a specific and integrated plan of medical care including general management and high-level diagnostics and therapy. This could result in a better and more effective management of the overall burden of CVD, especially through the formation of more skilled healthcare providers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-206
Number of pages6
JournalHigh Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Prevention
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2007


  • Cardiology training
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Sub-specialties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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