Despite its rarity in the general population, small bowel adenocarcinoma risk is increased in individuals with hereditary colorectal cancer syndromes (HCCS). In the last decade, the advent of capsule endoscopy and device-assisted balloon enteroscopy procedures in patients with HCCS have allowed to investigate the whole small bowel, increasing the diagnostic yield of small bowel tumor. Nonetheless, there is a significant variability in the international guideline recommendations. The aim of this review is to provide an update on surveillance of small bowel in HCCS and to identify the key points for the clinical management of these patients.
- Hereditary colorectal cancer syndromes
- Lynch syndrome
- Peutz-Jeghers syndrome
- familial polyposis
- small bowel cancer