Updating on intraoperative light-induced retinal injury

Claudio Azzolini, Rosario Brancato, Giorgio Venturi, Francesco Bandello, Alfredo Pece, Paolo Santoro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We are presenting the state of knowledge concerning intraoperative light-induced retinal injury, considered to be a combination of photic retinopathy and retinal photocoagulation. It may arise from retinal light exposure to the operating microscope or to the fiberoptic endoilluminator. Ultraviolet and short-wavelength visible light are more dangerous than longer wavelength light. Many risk factors may facilitate the onset of this iatrogenic disease following surgery. Many aspects of the retinal damage are still poorly understood. Many mild light-induced retinal injuries probably remain undiagnosed in routine postoperative examination. Current appropriate light filters are not the definitive solution. Appropriate precautions should be taken during both anterior segment and vitreoretinal surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-276
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Ophthalmology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1994


  • fiberoptic endoilluminator
  • light retinopathy
  • operating microscope
  • wavelength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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