The aim of the present study was to explore the potential impact of upfront metastases-directed therapy (MDT) in terms of prolongation of castration-sensitive phase in a series of oligorecurrent castration-sensitive prostate cancer (PC) patients. The present article is a multicenter retrospective study. The population of interest was castrate-sensitive oligorecurrent PC, defined as the presence of 1–3 uptakes in non-visceral sites such as bones or nodes detected by means of 18F-Choline PET/CT or 68-Gallium PSMA PET/CT. Primary endpoint was the time to castration resistance. Secondary endpoints were ADT-free survival, local progression-free survival, and overall survival. Eighty-two patients and 118 lesions were analyzed. The median time to castration resistance for the entire population of the study was 49 months (95% CI 43.6–54.4 months). The 1- and 2-year TTCR-free survival rates were 94% and 82%, respectively. At the time of analysis, 52 patients were still in the castration-sensitive phase of the disease. In this cohort of patients, the median ADT-free survival was 20 months (range 3–69 months). On the other hand, during follow-up 30 patients switched to the castration-resistant phase of disease. In this last group of patients, the median ADT-free survival was 20 months (range 4–50 months). After the ADT administration, the median castration-sensitive phase was 29 months (range 5–71 months). Castration resistance generally occurs at a median follow-up of 24–36 months following ADT. In the current study, upfront MDT does not decrease the time from initiation of ADT to castration resistance.
- Metastasis directed therapy
- Prostate cancer
- Stereotactic body radiotherapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research