Upon dendritic cell (DC) activation chemokines and chemokine receptor expression are rapidly regulated for recruitment and maintenance of DC at the inflammatory site

Maria Foti, Franceses Granucci, Diego Aggujaro, Elio Liboi, Walter Luini, Simone Minardi, Alberto Mantovani, Silvano Sozzani, Paola Ricciardi-Castagnoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Dendritic cells (DC) are highly motile antigen-presenting cells that are recruited to sites of infection and inflammation to antigen uptake and processing. Then, to initiate T cell-dependent immune responses, they migrate from non-lymphoid organs to lymph nodes and the spleen. Since chemokines have been involved in human DC recruitment, we investigated the role of chemokines on mouse DC migration using the mouse growth factor-dependent immature DC line (D1). In this study, we characterized receptor expression, responsiveness to chemoattractants and chemokine expression of D1 cells during the maturation process induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). MIP-1α and MIP-5 were found to be the most effective chemoattractants, CCR1 was the main receptor expressed and modulated during LPS treatment, and MIP-2, RANTES, IP-10 and MCP-1 were the chemokines modulated during DC maturation. Thus, murine DC respond to a unique set of CC and CXC chemokines, and the maturational stage determines the program of chemokine receptors and chemokines that are expressed. Since CCR1 is modulated during the early phases of DC maturation, our results indicate that the CCR1 receptor may participate in the recruitment and maintenance of DC at the inflammatory site.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)979-986
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Immunology
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Chemokine
  • Chemokine receptors
  • Dendritic cells
  • Maturation
  • Migration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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