Upper limb robotics in rehabilitation: An approach to select the devices, based on rehabilitation aims, and their evaluation in a feasibility study

Irene Aprile, Arianna Cruciani, Marco Germanotta, Valerio Gower, Cristiano Pecchioli, Davide Cattaneo, Federica Vannetti, Luca Padua, Furio Gramatica

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Robot-mediated therapy is a viable approach for upper limb rehabilitation. The upper limb is a highly complex segment and the identification of the appropriate devices capable of rehabilitating it globally (from the shoulder to the hand) in clinical practice is crucial. In this work, we aimed: (i) to describe an approach used in identifying a set of technological and robotic devices to globally treat the upper limb, and (ii) to evaluate the feasibility of the identified set in clinical practice. Using an ad-hoc form, a multidisciplinary team identified a set of four robotic and sensor-based devices to treat globally the upper limb. Then, 30 stroke patients were enrolled and assigned to two groups: the robotic group (RG), where patients were treated with the robotic set, or the conventional group (CG). All patients were evaluated before and after the treatment. In the RG the patients used all the devices (one in each rehabilitation session); the treatment was well accepted, without drop-outs or adverse events. Using a multidisciplinary approach, we identified a set of technological and robotic devices to treat the upper limb globally, and then we experimented to ascertain its feasibility, in a pilot study. Robotics offers a considerable number of devices for rehabilitation that should be selected according to rehabilitation aims and feasibility in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3920
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2019

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Neurorehabilitation and brain computer Interfaces
  • Robotics
  • Usability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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