Upregulation and activation of Stat6 precede vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation in carotid artery injury model

Roberta Baetta, Maurizio Soma, Claudio De-Fraja, Carmen Comparato, Chiara Teruzzi, Lorenzo Magrassi, Elena Cattaneo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The role of signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) proteins in modulating proliferation and differentiation of various cell types in the hematopoietic system and the central nervous system has been well established. In contrast, the pathophysiological role of these proteins in vascular proliferative diseases has remained unproven, despite in vitro observations emphasizing the involvement of the STAT system in mediating vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation. On the basis of our previous observations demonstrating the occurrence of a specific modulation of Stat6 protein during the proliferative, migratory, and differentiation phases of the developing brain, we investigated whether Stat6 protein is present and modulated in arterial tissue challenged by perivascular injury. The time course of expression and localization of Stat6 after arterial injury was analyzed by immunohistochemistry, Western blot analysis, and confocal microscopy. Six hours after injury, the expression of Stat6 was markedly increased. This overexpression preceded the onset of VSMC proliferation and was downregulated starting from 7 days after injury, coincident with the decline of VSMC proliferation. Moreover, early after injury, Stat6 was predominantly localized at the nuclear level, denoting its functional activation. Conversely, Stat6 staining at later time points was largely cytosolic, suggesting silencing effects of this signaling pathway. These data indicate that Stat6 signaling may contribute to the modifications of gene expression underlying VSMC activation in the context of acute vascular proliferative diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)931-939
Number of pages9
JournalArteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Volume20
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2000

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Keywords

  • Intima hyperplasia
  • Proliferation
  • Stat6
  • Vascular injury
  • Vascular smooth muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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