Ureteral location is associated with survival outcomes in upper tract urothelial carcinoma: A population-based analysis

Alessandro Veccia, Alessandro Antonelli, Alberto Martini, Ugo Falagario, Giuseppe Carrieri, Mayer B. Grob, Georgi Guruli, Claudio Simeone, Peter Wiklund, Francesco Porpiglia, Riccardo Autorino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the prognostic value of tumor location in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma. Methods: Within the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Incidence Database, 6619 upper tract urothelial carcinoma cases were identified, including 3719 confined to the renal pelvis and 2971 to the ureter. Predictors of surgical technique (kidney sparing surgery versus radical nephroureterectomy), as well as 2- and 5-year cancer-specific survival and overall survival were evaluated. Results: Median follow-up time was 29 months (interquartile range 0–126 months) for both groups. Multivariate logistic analysis showed tumor dimension as the only factor associated with radical nephroureterectomy (odds ratio 1.02; P < 0.001). Ureteral 2- and 5-year overall survival were lower (log–rank P = 0.001) compared with renal pelvis. When stratifying tumor location according to dimensions, a ureteral carcinoma >3 cm was associated with the worst 2- and 5-year cancer-specific mortality (Pepe-Mori P < 0.001), and overall survival (log–rank P < 0.001). The 2- and 5-year cancer-specific mortality (Pepe-Mori P < 0.001) and overall survival were the worst for ureteral ≥T3 tumors (log–rank P < 0.001). The 2- and 5-year cancer-specific mortality (Pepe–Mori P < 0.001) and overall survival (log–rank P < 0.001) were the worst for ureteral grade III–IV cancers. Ureteral tumor location (subdistribution hazard ratio 1.18, P < 0.001), tumor dimension ≥3 (subdistribution hazard ratio 1.25, P < 0.001), T staging (T2–4 all P < 0.001), grading (grade III subdistribution hazard ratio 2.20, P = 0.001; grade IV subdistribution hazard ratio 2.39, P < 0.001) were found to be associated with higher cancer mortality. Conclusions: Ureteral tumor location in upper tract urothelial carcinoma seems to be associated with worse oncological outcomes, especially in the case of advanced disease. Although the type of surgical treatment does not seem to impact survival, surgeons should use caution in adopting a kidney-sparing surgery for patients with ureteral upper tract urothelial carcinoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)966-972
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Urology
Volume27
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • endoscopic
  • radical nephroureterectomy
  • renal pelvis
  • segmental ureterectomy
  • upper tract carcinoma
  • ureter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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