Urinary excretion of 2,3-dinor-thromboxane B1, a major metabolite of thromboxane B2 in the rat

C. Chiabrando, M. Corada, A. Bachi, R. Fanelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Urinary 2,3-dinor-thromboxane B2 (2,3-dinor-TXB2), an enzymatic degradation product of TXB2, is currently measured for evaluating in vivo thromboxane biosynthesis in rats. We simultaneously measured 2,3-dinor-TXB2 and 2,3-dinor-TXB1, another product of TXB2 metabolism, in the urine of rats by immunoaffinity extraction/gas chromatography negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry (GC-NICIMS). In rats under basal conditions, urinary excretion of 2,3-dinor-TXB1 was much higher than that of 2,3-dinor-TXB2 (19.22±4.86) and (1.64±0.29 ng/24 h, respectively). The relative abundance of the two metabolites in each animal was fairly constant (91.9±1.6 and 8.1±1.6% of their sum, respectively). Urinary excretion of both 2,3-dinor-TXB1 and 2,3-dinor-TXB2 increased in rats undergoing in vivo hepatic ischemia-reperfusion. Other thromboxane metabolites, including 11-dehydro-TXB2 and 11-dehydro-2,3-dinor-TXB2, were measured by GC-NICIMS in selected urines. The resulting profile was: 2,3,4,5-tetranor-TXB1 > 2,3-dinor-TXB1 > 11-dehydro-TXB2 > 2,3-dinor-TXB2 = TXB2. This study shows that urinary 2,3-dinor-TXB1 is a suitable parameter of TXB2 biosynthesis in vivo in rats. The possible cross-reactivity of 2,3-dinor-TXB1 in immunoassays of urinary 2,3-dinor-TXB2 or even TXB2 in rats should be considered in future studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-422
Number of pages14
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1994


  • gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
  • immunoaffinity
  • rat
  • Thromboxane
  • urine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology


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