Fetal bovine aortic endothelial GM 7373 cells were transfected with a viral expression vector harboring the human urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) gene. The stable transfectant clone uPA-R5 overexpressed and secreted human uPA as shown by Northern blot analysis, immunoprecipitation of metabolically labeled proteins, plasmin chromogenic assays, and SDS-PAGE zymography of cell extracts and conditioned media. The uPA-R5 cells were analyzed for their invasive capacity in vitro in the Matrigel chemoinvasion assay in the presence of serine- or metalloprotease inhibitors. uPA overexpression enhanced the invasive capacity of GM 7373 cells through a mechanism which differs from that mediated by metalloproteases. Endothelial cell uPA transfectants may represent an useful experimental model to investigate the role of uPA in angiogenesis and angioproliferative diseases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine