Urolithiasis: evaluation, dietary factors, and medical management: an update of the 2014 SIU-ICUD international consultation on stone disease

Helene Jung, Sero Andonian, Dean Assimos, Timothy Averch, Petrisor Geavlete, Yasuo Kohjimoto, Andreas Neisius, Joe Philip, Alberto Saita, Hemendra Shah, Palle Jörn Osther

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this review was to provide current best evidence for evaluation, dietary, and medical management of patients with urolithiasis. Methods: Literature addressing evaluation, dietary, and medical management of urolithiasis was searched. Papers were analyzed and rated according to level of evidence (LOE), whereupon a synthesis of the evidence was made. Grade of recommendation (GOR) was judged from individual clinical experience and knowledge of the evidence according to the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine. Results: It is obvious that different stone diseases influence the life of stone-forming individuals very differently, and that evaluation and medical management should be personalized according to risk of recurrence, severity of stone disease, presence of associated medical conditions, and patient’s motivation. With regard to evaluation, dietary and medical management of patients with urolithiasis evidence from the literature suggest that selective metabolic evaluation may lead to rational dietary and medical management. Statements based on LOE and GOR are provided to guide clinical practice. Conclusion: The provided evidence for evaluation of patients with urolithiasis aims at defining patients at high risk for recurrent/complicated stone disease. Based on this approach, evidence-based dietary and medical management regimes are suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1331-1340
Number of pages10
JournalWorld Journal of Urology
Volume35
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2017

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Follow-up
  • Imaging
  • Kidney calculi
  • Metabolic evaluation
  • Pharmacologic intervention
  • Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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