Use of an endoscopic ultrasound probe for the evaluation of the Müllerian rudiments in patients with Rokitansky syndrome

Luigi Fedele, Stefano Bianchi, Maurizio Barbieri, Giada Frontino, Roberta Meroni, Eleonora Fontana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objective: To assess the use of an endoscopic ultrasound probe in the evaluation of the uterine horns in a series of patients who were undergoing laparoscopy for the creation of a neovagina. Design: Prospective study. Setting: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in a tertiary care and referral center for Rokitansky syndrome. Patient(s): Thirty patients with Rokitansky syndrome who were undergoing laparoscopically assisted creation of a neovagina. Intervention(s): Preoperative assessment with a pelvic transabdominal ultrasound scan and pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). An endoscopic ultrasound probe was used to study the uterine horns during laparoscopy. Main Outcome Measure(s): Presence or absence of the uterine rudiments, presence or absence of the endometrial cavity, and Doppler ultrasound vascularization of the rudiments. Result(s): Of the 24 uterine horns sized ≥2 cm that were identified at endoscopic ultrasound, 22 and 19, respectively, had been recognized at MRI and transabdominal ultrasound scan. The endoscopic ultrasound probe diagnosed 12 cavitated horns, of which 9 and 7 were seen at MRI and transabdominal ultrasound scan, respectively. Conclusion(s): Our experience shows the feasibility and accuracy of the endoscopic ultrasound probe in evaluating the structure of the rudimentary uterine horns in Rokitansky syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)981-983
Number of pages3
JournalFertility and Sterility
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2008



  • endoscopic ultrasound probe
  • MRI
  • Rokitansky syndrome
  • ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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