Use of cabergoline in the long-term treatment of hyperprolactinemic and acromegalic patients

M. Muratori, M. Arosio, G. Gambino, C. Romano, O. Biella, G. Faglia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cabergoline (Cab), a very potent and long-lasting dopaminergic compound, was administered to 26 women with pituitary microprolactinoma [mean serum PRL levels: 124.8 ± 11.3 μg/l (± SE), range 62-300 μg/l] and 3 patients with GH-secreting pituitary adenoma (2 with associated PRL hypersecretion) for 12 and 24 months, respectively. In microprolactinomas, a stable normoprolactinemia was achieved in 96.1% of cases: in 13 women (50%) with the lowest dose of the drug (0.5 mg/week), and in other 12 patients (46.1%) with increasing doses up to 3 mg/week. All the oligomenorrheic/amenorrheic women, except one, restored regular and ovulatory menses. Two patients became pregnant. Pituitary abnormalities at high resolution-CT (HR-CT) scan disappeared in 13 of 19 patients (68.4%) after 12 months of therapy and this feature persisted in 8/13 cases (61.5%) 12 months after drug withdrawal. During Cab discontinuation (range: 3-60 months), mean serum PRL levels remained significantly tower than the basal ones. Six of 25 women are still without therapy. In 2 patients, normoprolactinemia persisted up to 38 and 60 months, respectively. Cab treatment was re-instituted in 13 patients because of the recurrence of hyperprolactinemia. Five patients were lost at follow up. In all the acromegalic patients, Cab (1-3 mg/week) normalized serum GH, IGF-I and PRL levels. A clear improvement in clinical symptoms was observed in all patients, but neuroradiological improvement in only one. Cab therapy was very well tolerated, as only seven patients complained of mild and transient side-effects and none had to stop treatment, In conclusion, Cab is an effective, safe, and well tolerated dopaminergic compound for the treatment of hyperprolactinemic disorders and the control of the clinical and hormonal features of dopamine-sensitive acromegalic patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)537-546
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Endocrinological Investigation
Volume20
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1997

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Acromegaly
  • Cabergoline
  • Dopamine-agonists
  • GH
  • Hyperprolactinemia
  • Pituitary adenoma
  • PRL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

Cite this