Use of combination of monoclonal antibodies directed against three distinct epitopes of a tumor-associated antigen: Analysis of cell binding and internalization

P. Casalini, D. Mezzanzanica, S. Canevari, G. Della Torre, S. Miotti, M. I. Colnaghi, S. Matzku

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Three monoclonal antibodies (MAbs), MOv17, MOv18 and MOv19 with tumor-restricted specificity for human ovarian carcinoma, were tested alone or in double combination with the aim of analyzing their binding and internalization behavior on different in vitro cell lines. Biochemical studies indicated that the 3 MAbs were directed against 3 epitopes of the same 38 kDa surface molecules. By immuno-electronmicroscopy they exhibited a different internalization behavior since MOv17 induced evident endocytosis through coated vesicles, whereas MOv18 gave rise to occasional uncoated vessicles and MOv19 was completely unable to promote internalization of the relevant molecule. When tested 2 by 2 there was a binding synergy in one of the 9 possible combinations (125I-labelled MOv18 and unlabelled MOv19), but no change in the internalization behavior. The binding synergy, which was highly reproducible, was temperature-dependent and was also evident on glutaraldehyde-fixed cells. A metabolism involvement is therefore unlikely. This could be attributed to an easier accessibility of the CaMOv18 due to a conformational change of the molecule after MOv19 MAb binding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-290
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1991


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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