Use of confidex to control perioperative bleeding in pediatric heart surgery: Prospective cohort study

Chiara Giorni, Zaccaria Ricci, Francesca Iodice, Cristiana Garisto, Isabella Favia, Angelo Polito, Adriano Carotti, Paola Cogo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bleeding during and after cardiac surgery is a major issue in pediatric patients. A prospective cohort study was conducted to evaluate the effect of a commercially available prothrombin complex (Confidex) administered in cardiac surgery after weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass of infants with nonsurgical bleeding. In this study, 14 patients younger than 1 year received a Confidex bolus and were matched with 11 patients of a similar age who did not receive the drug. The preoperative coagulation profile was similar in the two groups. No side effects, including anaphylaxis or thrombotic events, were observed. The numbers of units of packed red blood cells and fresh frozen plasma administered both intra- and postoperatively were similar. The postoperative coagulation examination results and thromboelastographic parameters did not differ significantly between the two groups. However, the Confidex patients bled significantly less than the control subjects during the first 24 postoperative hours. The median volume of drained blood was 0.0 ml/kg h (range 0-1.9 ml/kg h) compared with 1.9 ml/kg h (range 1-3 ml/kg h) (p = 0.009). At least one unit of packed red blood cells in the postoperative phase was required by 2 patients (14 %) in the Confidex group and six patients (54 %) in the control group (odds ratio [OR], 0.13; 95 % confidence interval [CI], 0.02-0.9; p = 0.03). The median duration of mechanical ventilation was 3 days (range 2-4 days) in the Confidex group and 4 days (range 0-8 days) in the control group (p = 0.66). The median stay in the intensive care unit was 6 days (range 5-9 days) in the Confidex group and 7 days (range 4-12 days) in the control group (p = 0.88). The use of Confidex for infants undergoing cardiac surgery was safe and effective. It reduced postoperative bleeding and allowed fewer units of packed red blood cells to be infused in the postoperative phase without major side effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-214
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Cardiology
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • Blood product
  • Pediatric cardiac surgery
  • Post-operative bleeding
  • Prothrombin concentrate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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