Use of early biomarkers in neonatal brain damage and sepsis: State of the art and future perspectives

Iliana Bersani, Cinzia Auriti, Maria Paola Ronchetti, Giusi Prencipe, Diego Gazzolo, Andrea Dotta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The identification of early noninvasive biochemical markers of disease is a crucial issue of the current scientific research, particularly during the first period of life, since it could provide useful and precocious diagnostic information when clinical and radiological signs are still silent. The ideal biomarker should be practical and sensitive in the precocious identification of at risk patients. An earlier diagnosis may lead to a larger therapeutic window and improve neonatal outcome. Brain damage and sepsis are common causes of severe morbidity with poor outcome and mortality during the perinatal period. A large number of potential biomarkers, including neuroproteins, calcium binding proteins, enzymes, oxidative stress markers, vasoactive agents, and inflammatory mediators, have been so far investigated. The aim of the present review was to provide a brief overview of some of the more commonly investigated biomarkers used in case of neonatal brain damage and sepsis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number253520
JournalBioMed Research International
Volume2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 18 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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