BACKGROUND: Somatostatin receptor ligands including octreotide LAR are first-line therapy in locally advanced or metastatic NETs that are nonresectable and well differentiated and are recommended as first-line therapy in functioning and in G1/low G2 nonfunctioning NETs. However, several questions remain that are not adequately addressed in current guidelines regarding its use in clinical scenarios in which the tumor progresses. These include use of nonconventional doses or schedules of octreotide LAR in tumors with hormonal symptoms or showing clinical-radiological progression, administration in combination with everolimus, peptide receptor radionuclide therapy, and chemotherapy, following first-line treatment with octreotide LAR.
METHODS: An expert panel was gathered to obtain consensus using Delphi methodology on a series of statements regarding further administration of octreotide LAR after its use in first-line therapy in these settings in patients who experience disease progression.
RESULTS: Consensus was reached for 8 of the 10 statements proposed in the above clinical scenarios; consensus was not achieved for two statements.
CONCLUSIONS: The present statements aim to fill current gaps in treatment guidelines by providing recommendations based on expert consensus in clinical settings in which patients progress following first-line therapy with octreotide LAR.
- Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/administration & dosage
- Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/administration & dosage
- Delayed-Action Preparations
- Everolimus/administration & dosage
- Neuroendocrine Tumors/drug therapy
- Octreotide/administration & dosage
- Practice Guidelines as Topic
- Surveys and Questionnaires