Use of perfusion- and diffusion-weighted imaging in differential diagnosis of acute and chronic ischemic stroke and multiple sclerosis

Robert Zivadinov, Niels Bergsland, Milena Stosic, Jitendra Sharma, Fernando Nussenbaum, Jacqueline Durfee, Nima Hani, Nadir Abdelrahman, Zeenat Jaisani, Alireza Minagar, Romy Hoque, Frederick E. Munschauer, Michael G. Dwyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To investigate differences in lesions and surrounding normal appearing white matter (NAWM) by perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in patients with acute and chronic ischemic stroke and multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods: Study subjects included 45 MS patients, 22 patients with acute ischemic stroke and 20 patients with chronic ischemic stroke. All subjects underwent T2-weighted imaging (WI), flair attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR), DWI and dynamic contrast enhanced PWI. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and mean transit time (MTT) maps were generated and values were calculated in the acute and chronic ischemic and demyelinating lesions, and in NAWM for distances of 5, 10 and 15 mm. Fifty-three acute ischemic and 33 acute demyelinating lesions, and 775 chronic ischemic and 998 chronic demyelinating lesions, were examined. Univariate, multivariate and data mining analyses were used to examine the feasibility of a prediction model between different lesion types. Correctly and incorrectly classified lesions, true positive (TP), false positive (FP) and precision rates were calculated. Results: Patients with acute ischemic lesions presented more prolonged mean MTT values in lesions (p=0.002) and surrounding NAWM for distances of 5, 10 and 15 mm (all p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)816-826
Number of pages11
JournalNeurological Research
Volume30
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2008

Keywords

  • Acute ischemic stroke
  • Chronic ischemic stroke
  • Demyelinating lesions
  • Diffusion-weighted imaging
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Perfusion-weighted imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

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  • Cite this

    Zivadinov, R., Bergsland, N., Stosic, M., Sharma, J., Nussenbaum, F., Durfee, J., Hani, N., Abdelrahman, N., Jaisani, Z., Minagar, A., Hoque, R., Munschauer, F. E., & Dwyer, M. G. (2008). Use of perfusion- and diffusion-weighted imaging in differential diagnosis of acute and chronic ischemic stroke and multiple sclerosis. Neurological Research, 30(8), 816-826. https://doi.org/10.1179/174313208X341003