Use of Porcine factor VIII in the management of seventeen patients with factor VIII antibodies

L. Gatti, P. M. Mannucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A polyelectrolyte-fractionated porcine factor VIII concentrate was given to 16 hemophiliacs with anti-F VIII antibodies (Ab) and to a woman with post-partum-acquired Ab during 24 courses of treatment including three major surgical procedures. Before treatment, antiporcine F VIII Ab was always lower than anti-human F VIII Ab, with a median cross reactivity of 32%. After treatment, the mean rise in F VIII was 1.5 U/dl/Unit infused/Kg b.w. and in vivo recovery was 50% of the theoretical values. Anamnestic rises in anti-porcine F VIII Ab (3 x the baseline titer) were seen after 9 of 22 courses of treatment with porcine F VIII only; similar rises in anti-human F VIII Ab, after 6 courses of treatment; median cross reactivity did not change significantly. Lower than expected increases in plasma F VIII without marked changes in Ab titers and severe thrombocytopenia occurred during surgery in two patients. Porcine F VIII is a rational and effective therapeutic choice for patients who have anti-human Ab titers above 10 U/ml; it can solve clinical situations that would otherwise be very difficult to manage; anamnesis is prehaps less frequent than after human F VIII; however, the incidence of thrombocytopenia, resistance and other side-effects is still higher than desirable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-384
Number of pages6
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume51
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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